What you should know about probiotics
You might be surprised to learn that how you feel and even look every day is tied to your intestines. To maintain good health, your intestines must properly absorb nutrients and help eliminate waste and toxins.
Your intestines, which lie between the stomach and rectum, are part of the Gl tract or digestive system. In the small and large intestines, food is broken down and absorbed into the bloodstream, providing your celts and organs with the energy they need to function. Your intestines do this with the help of good bacteria (also called microflora).
These “good bacteria” aid digestion, promote vital nutrient production, maintain pH (acid-base) balance, and prevent proliferation of unwelcome bacteria. From the time of birth your body is inhabited by these good bacteria. Changes in diet, stress and aging and other factors can disrupt this delicate balance.
Lack of good bacteria can lead to:
- Digestion issues
- Poor bowel function and flatulence
- A weakened immune system
- Poor nutrient absorption
- Low level of energy and well-being
Lack of good bacteria is so common that many health professionals recommend the use of probiotic supplements. Probiotics are good bacteria strains that limit the proliferation of unwelcome bacteria in the intestinal tract by crowding them out.
In the first decade of the twentieth century a Russian scientist, Elie Metchnikoff, suggested that the long lives of Bulgarian peasants might be a result of their consumption or fermented microorganisms which positively influenced the microflora of the colon. This discovery, together with his work in immunology, earned him the 1908 Nobel Prize for Medicine. 1 his event raised considerable interest in the study of benefits of microorganisms to humans. In 1974 the term “Probiotic” (pro – for; bio = life) was coined to describe the use of beneficial bacteria to positively influence health.
Today the scientific field agrees that probiotics offer a broad range of health benefits when taken in sufficient numbers.
Restoring the balance
Because we are conditioned think of bacteria as trouble-makers, it’s hard to accept that we may actually have too few of these organisms in our digestive system. Yet that is actually quite common. And when it happens, our bodies let us know with occasional sluggishness, irregularity, bloating, or a weaker immune system.
There is a synergistic relationship between good bacteria and our body: we provide them with a safe place to live and grow, and they help us digest, absorb our food, eliminate and maintain a healthy intestinal function. It works very well… as long as there are enough of them.
However, not all probiotic bacteria are identical. They differ on the basis of genus, species and strain and results. Also it has been shown that organisms must both live and colonize within the gut to induce beneficial effects. Unfortunately a lot of probiotics don’t even reach the intestine and hence offer no benefits.
Probiotics are fragile live bacteria. Probiotic cultures vary and the benefit of a probiotic is not measured simply by the number of living bacteria in a pill. The beneficial effects of the presence of probiotics in the gastro-intestinal tract depend on their viability — the ability of the bacteria to survive and colonize.
In the U.S. many probiotic products arc supported by poor research, are poorly formulated, and suffer from poor quality control. Most products list bacterial genera and species but make no mention of the viability of the bacteria. Acidophilus, for instance, has only -A 53% viability, which means that only half of the bacteria you take will be able to survive.
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Ectomorph, Mesomorph, & Endomorph: Beginners Guide To Body TypesBy RunThaCity — 3 months ago
Have you ever wondered why some people seem to gain muscle easily, while others struggle to lose weight no matter how much they exercise? The answer may lie in their body type. There are three main body types: ectomorphs, mesomorphs, and endomorphs. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll explore each body type, their characteristics, and the best exercises and diets for each one.
What Is An Ectomorph Body Type?
Ectomorphs are often referred to as “hardgainers” because they tend to have a harder time gaining weight and muscle mass compared to the other body types. They typically have a slim build, with narrow hips and shoulders, and a fast metabolism. Ectomorphs often have long limbs, a thin waist, and a small bone structure.
Characteristics of Ectomorphs:
- Difficulty gaining weight and muscle mass
- Fast metabolism
- Slim and narrow build
- Small bone structure
- Long limbs and thin waist
- Low body fat percentage
- Can appear “wiry” or “stringy”
Best Exercises for Ectomorphs: Ectomorphs should focus on exercises that promote muscle growth and weight gain. Compound exercises that work multiple muscle groups at once, such as squats, deadlifts, and bench presses, are ideal for ectomorphs. They should also incorporate high-intensity training and progressive overload into their workouts to stimulate muscle growth.
Here are some of the best exercises for ectomorphs:
- Compound Exercises: Compound exercises are exercises that work multiple muscle groups at once. These types of exercises are ideal for ectomorphs because they promote muscle growth and help to build overall strength. Examples of compound exercises include squats, deadlifts, bench presses, pull-ups, and rows.
- Heavy Weightlifting: Ectomorphs should aim to lift heavy weights with low to moderate repetitions to stimulate muscle growth. Lifting heavy weights will help to build muscle mass and strength, and it will also help to increase bone density.
- High-Intensity Training: High-intensity training, such as sprinting, HIIT, or circuit training, is also ideal for ectomorphs. This type of training can help to stimulate muscle growth and increase endurance.
- Progressive Overload: Ectomorphs should focus on progressive overload, which means gradually increasing the weight, reps, or sets over time. This will help to challenge the muscles and promote muscle growth.
- Rest and Recovery: Rest and recovery are also important for ectomorphs. They should aim to get enough sleep and rest days to allow their muscles to recover and grow. Overtraining can be counterproductive and hinder muscle growth.
Overall, ectomorphs should focus on exercises that promote muscle growth and build overall strength. A combination of compound exercises, heavy weightlifting, high-intensity training, progressive overload, and rest and recovery will help ectomorphs to achieve their fitness goals.
Diet Recommendations for Ectomorphs: To gain weight and muscle mass, ectomorphs need to consume more calories than they burn. Ectomorphs should focus on consuming nutrient-dense foods, such as lean proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats. They should also aim to consume a high amount of protein to support muscle growth. Ectomorphs may also benefit from consuming calorie-dense foods, such as nuts, avocados, and dried fruits, to increase their calorie intake.
Diet plays a crucial role in achieving fitness goals, especially for ectomorphs who struggle to gain weight and muscle mass. A proper diet will provide the necessary nutrients for muscle growth and will prevent the body from burning muscle for energy. Here are some diet recommendations for ectomorphs:
- Calorie Surplus: Ectomorphs should aim to consume more calories than they burn to gain weight and build muscle. It’s recommended that ectomorphs consume 500-1000 calories above their maintenance level to achieve a calorie surplus. This surplus can be achieved by adding calorie-dense foods to their diet, such as nuts, avocados, and whole grains.
- Protein Intake: Protein is essential for muscle growth, and ectomorphs should aim to consume 1.5-2 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. This means that a 70 kg (154 lb) ectomorph should aim to consume 105-140 grams of protein per day. Good sources of protein include lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, legumes, and soy products.
- Carbohydrate Intake: Carbohydrates provide energy for the body, and ectomorphs should aim to consume complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. These foods will provide a sustained release of energy and prevent the body from burning muscle for energy.
- Healthy Fats: Ectomorphs should also include healthy fats in their diet, such as omega-3 fatty acids found in fish, nuts, and seeds. Healthy fats are essential for hormone production and overall health.
- Meal Frequency: Ectomorphs should aim to eat 5-6 small meals throughout the day to provide a constant supply of nutrients for muscle growth. This will prevent the body from burning muscle for energy and will also prevent overeating.
Overall, ectomorphs should aim to consume a balanced diet that is high in protein, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats. They should also consume more calories than they burn to achieve a calorie surplus for weight gain. A consistent diet combined with a proper exercise routine will help ectomorphs to achieve their fitness goals.
Overall, ectomorphs may have a harder time gaining weight and muscle mass compared to the other body types, but with a proper workout routine and diet, they can still achieve their fitness goals.
What is a Mesomorph?
Mesomorphs are often described as the “ideal” body type because they have a naturally athletic build and tend to gain muscle and lose fat relatively easily. They typically have a medium-sized bone structure, a wide shoulder-to-hip ratio, and well-defined muscles.
Characteristics of Mesomorphs:
- Naturally athletic build
- Medium-sized bone structure
- Wide shoulder-to-hip ratio
- Well-defined muscles
- Tendency to gain muscle and lose fat easily
- Efficient metabolism
Best Exercises for Mesomorphs: Mesomorphs excel in a variety of exercises, as their athletic build and efficient metabolism make it easier for them to build muscle and lose fat. They should focus on a balanced workout routine that includes both resistance training and cardiovascular exercises.
- Weightlifting: Mesomorphs tend to build muscle easily, so they should focus on weightlifting exercises that target specific muscle groups. Compound exercises like squats, deadlifts, bench presses, and pull-ups are also beneficial for muscle growth.
- Cardiovascular Exercises: Mesomorphs should also include cardiovascular exercises in their workout routine to maintain a healthy heart and promote fat loss. Running, cycling, swimming, and rowing are all great options.
- High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT): HIIT workouts are also ideal for mesomorphs. HIIT workouts are short, intense bursts of exercise followed by a brief rest period. They help to increase metabolism, burn fat, and improve cardiovascular health.
Diet Recommendations for Mesomorphs: Mesomorphs tend to have a more efficient metabolism than other body types, which means they can consume more calories without gaining weight. However, it’s important for mesomorphs to maintain a balanced diet to support their fitness goals. They should focus on consuming a diet high in protein, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats.
Overall, mesomorphs are naturally gifted with an athletic build and an efficient metabolism. To maintain their physique, they should focus on a balanced workout routine that includes both resistance training and cardiovascular exercises. Mesomorphs should also maintain a healthy diet to support their fitness goals.
What is an Endomorph Body Type?
Endomorphs are characterized by their curvy and rounded body structure, with a high body fat percentage and a slow metabolism. Endomorphs tend to have a softer and rounder appearance, with a wider waist, hips, and thighs. This body type has a tendency to gain weight easily and struggle to lose it, making weight management a major concern for endomorphs.
Endomorphs often have a greater appetite and may experience cravings for high-calorie foods, which can make it challenging to maintain a healthy diet. This body type also tends to have lower insulin sensitivity, which can lead to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
To manage weight and promote overall health, endomorphs need to adopt a specific approach to training and nutrition. They may benefit from a higher protein and lower carbohydrate diet to promote satiety and reduce cravings. It’s also important for endomorphs to engage in regular exercise, including both cardiovascular and strength training, to increase their metabolism and build lean muscle mass.
Weight training is particularly important for endomorphs, as it helps to build lean muscle mass, which increases metabolism and burns more calories throughout the day. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) can also be effective for endomorphs, as it promotes fat burning and cardiovascular health.
It’s important to note that while endomorphs may face challenges in achieving their desired body composition, their body type also has its advantages. Endomorphs tend to have a higher level of strength and power due to their muscular build, which can be advantageous in certain sports and activities.
In summary, endomorphs are characterized by their curvy and rounded body structure, high body fat percentage, and slower metabolism. To manage weight and promote overall health, endomorphs need to adopt a specific approach to training and nutrition, including a higher protein diet and regular exercise that includes weight training and cardio.
Best Exercises for Endomorphs:
Endomorphs can benefit from a mix of cardiovascular and strength training exercises to promote weight loss, build lean muscle mass, and increase metabolism. Here are some exercises that endomorphs may find particularly beneficial:
- Resistance Training: Endomorphs should prioritize resistance training with weights, resistance bands, or bodyweight exercises. These exercises help build lean muscle mass, which increases metabolism and helps burn more calories throughout the day. Endomorphs can benefit from exercises such as squats, deadlifts, lunges, push-ups, pull-ups, and planks.
- High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT): HIIT involves short, intense bursts of activity followed by periods of rest. This type of exercise can help endomorphs burn more calories and increase their metabolism. Examples of HIIT exercises include sprints, jumping jacks, and burpees.
- Cardiovascular Exercise: Endomorphs should include cardiovascular exercises such as running, cycling, or swimming to increase their heart rate and burn calories. Cardiovascular exercise can also improve heart health and overall fitness levels.
- Core Strengthening: Core strengthening exercises such as crunches, sit-ups, and planks can help endomorphs build a strong core, which can improve posture, balance, and stability.
- Yoga: Yoga can be an effective exercise for endomorphs, as it combines strength training, flexibility, and relaxation. Yoga can also help reduce stress and promote mental wellbeing.
It’s important for endomorphs to engage in a variety of exercises to avoid boredom and promote overall fitness. A combination of resistance training, HIIT, cardiovascular exercise, core strengthening, and yoga can provide a well-rounded fitness routine for endomorphs. However, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional or certified personal trainer before starting a new exercise routine to ensure safety and effectiveness.
Diet Recommendations for Endomorphs:
Endomorphs tend to have a slower metabolism and a greater propensity for storing body fat, making it important to follow a healthy and balanced diet to support weight management and overall health. Here are some dietary recommendations for endomorphs:
- High Protein Intake: Endomorphs should aim to consume a diet that is high in protein to help promote satiety and build lean muscle mass. Good sources of protein include lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy, beans, and legumes.
- Low Carbohydrate Intake: Endomorphs may benefit from reducing their carbohydrate intake, particularly from refined carbohydrates such as white bread, pasta, and sugary snacks. Instead, focus on consuming complex carbohydrates such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Fiber Intake: Endomorphs should consume a diet that is high in fiber, as this can help promote feelings of fullness and reduce cravings. Good sources of fiber include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.
- Healthy Fats: Endomorphs should include healthy fats such as olive oil, avocado, nuts, and seeds in their diet. Healthy fats can help promote satiety and reduce inflammation in the body.
- Portion Control: Endomorphs should pay attention to portion sizes, as overeating can lead to weight gain. Consider using smaller plates and measuring portion sizes to help control calorie intake.
- Meal Timing: Endomorphs may benefit from consuming smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day to help regulate blood sugar levels and reduce cravings.
- Hydration: Endomorphs should drink plenty of water throughout the day to help support weight management and overall health.
It’s important for endomorphs to focus on consuming a balanced and healthy diet, while also considering their individual dietary needs and preferences. Consulting with a registered dietitian or healthcare professional can help endomorphs create a personalized and sustainable meal plan to support their health and fitness goals.
Embracing Your Unique Body Type: Why it Matters
Your body type is unique to you, and it plays an important role in your fitness journey. By understanding your body type and adopting the right approach to training and nutrition, you can optimize your fitness goals and achieve the results you desire. While it’s easy to get caught up in comparing yourself to others, it’s important to remember that everyone’s body is different, and there’s no one-size-fits-all approach to fitness.
Embracing your unique body type can help you achieve greater self-acceptance, confidence, and motivation in your fitness journey. Rather than trying to fit into a specific body type mold, focus on finding a training and nutrition plan that works best for your individual needs and preferences. This will not only help you achieve your fitness goals, but also promote long-term health and wellness.
Remember, your body type is just one aspect of your overall health, and it’s important to approach fitness with a holistic mindset. This means prioritizing your physical, mental, and emotional health, and focusing on creating sustainable lifestyle habits that support your overall wellbeing.
In conclusion, embracing your unique body type can help you achieve greater success and satisfaction in your fitness journey. By understanding and working with your body type, rather than against it, you can optimize your fitness results and improve your overall health and wellbeing.Post Views: 273
What Is A Pescatarian Diet?By RunThaCity — 4 years ago
Before the industrial revolution, specialized diets were something employed mostly for spiritual reasons. However, with a better understanding of biology and nutrition, they have, over the past century and a half, moved from just spiritual journeys, to ways of life to optimize fitness, and build a healthier body.
That’s the idea, anyhow, but diets come and go all the time, many people cite the ineffective nature of such “fad” diets, and frankly, whether they work or not, some of them are just a miserable experience. Who can forget the absurdity of the Atkins diet, which forbade the consumption of fruit and fruit juice, as well as an absolute abandonment of carbs? Your body needs the vitamins and natural sugars of fruit in moderation, and the same moderate consumption of carbs is needed for fuel. I saw people on that diet catch a cold, and then give it back to themselves for months due to immunodeficiencies.
So yeah, a lot of these specialized diets are ridiculous, ineffective and possibly even dangerous. A lot of people not in the know would say these things of vegetarianism, too. And you know, I get that. People associate protein with meat, dairy and eggs, and forget that there are plenty of protein-rich vegetarian foods, although a higher volume is often needed, than with meat.
Meat isn’t bad for you, but a low-meat diet has its benefits. Vegan and vegetarian athletes and body builders can be legitimate powerhouses, so there’s proof that it works. But at the same time, again, it takes a lot more plant-based intake for the required amount of protein, and anyone who’s tried and failed to adhere to a vegan or vegetarian diet can attest that most people find it kind of miserable and lacking in enjoyment.
When eating becomes a chore, that can be just as mentally unhealthy as an obsession with food.
This is why vegetarianism isn’t so cut and dry, and you hear terms like “ovo-lacto vegetarian” or “pescatarian”. Ovo-lacto is pretty obvious, being vegetarianism but adding dairy and eggs. What the heck is a pescatarian diet?
Coming from the Italian root word “pesce”, meaning fish, a pescatarian diet is a base vegetarian diet that includes fish and other seafood. Most, though not all pescatarians also eat eggs and dairy to some small or large extent.
Pescatarians, therefore, do not eat beef, pork, poultry or any other animal that doesn’t live in the sea. This allows for a lot more variety in your meals, and means you can enjoy things like dairy in moderation, the lean protein of egg whites (okay, sneak a yolk now and then, I won’t tell on you), and the diversity of seafood cuisine.
On top of being a more varied and rich diet, it has a lot of health benefits. If you don’t like seafood (and there are just as many people who hate seafood as love it), this diet will obviously have problems for you, and perhaps ovo-lacto (maybe with a little poultry) is more fit for you.
Benefits of Pescatarianism
- Elimination of meats – especially red meats – reduces cholesterol, heart disease and high blood pressure.
- It brings in nutrients and vitamins that aren’t present in a pure vegetarian nor vegan diet. Vegans and pure vegetarians have to use way more supplements, or eat a whole lot of various plant-based foods to make up for this, which becomes a chore as I said.
- It’s so much easier to stick to this diet, if you like seafood. The body craves meat. Even if you adore vegetables, fruits and legumes (who doesn’t?), it’s not satisfying to not have something heavier and more protein-rich.
- It’s very sustainable, as aquaculture is far more efficient and less demanding than raising livestock. Aquaculture will play a huge role in space colonization, and in humanitarian aids to end hunger in the near future as well.
- You’ll lose a lot of weight – seafood is lean by nature. Even the fattier fish aren’t the type of fatty that much matters to our bodies.
- Omega-3 fatty acids are fantastic for fighting inflammation, helping to control diabetes, reducing the risk of strokes, losing weight more quickly and naturally, growing better muscles, and for a healthier nervous and neurological system. People who don’t like seafood take fish oil pills for this, even.
Healthy Fish – Pescatarian Food List
Let’s look at a quick list of the healthier items on the pescatarian menu.
- Anchovies (if you’re the one person on the planet that likes these)
These are pretty common fare, and liked by most people who like seafood at all. Well, aside from perhaps anchovies and sardines, people who like them seem to be a minority due to their pungency and saltiness.
The ones below are kind of high in mercury, which isn’t good for you, so enjoy these only occasionally as a treat.
- Orange Roughy
- Shark (if you can avoid eating sharks, please do, they’re important to the ocean’s ecosystem and are scarcely farm-raised. Swordfish is very similar, but more sustainable).
Does a pescatarian diet intrigue you? If you like seafood and lots of veggies, give this a whirl. You might just love it. To learn more about diets like this, and to get tips on cooking delicious confections that suit dietary restrictions, subscribe to my YouTube channel today!Post Views: 7,205
What Is Allicin?By RunThaCity — 5 years ago
A powerful antibiotic, allicin is an anti- fungal compound that is found in garlic. However, it does not mean that it can be found in its natural state. When it is chopped or crushed, the enzyme alliinase performs chemically thus converting it.
Allicin may not a be a very steady complex because it slowly disintegrates when it stands and is quickly damaged when cooked. Good thing about it is that it will do a large contribution medicinally, it fights artiosclerosis. It also has the ability to dissolve fats as well as an antioxidant to some extent.
Dubbed as Mother Nature’s insecticide, allicin was discovered in 1944 by Chester John Cavallito who primarily recognized its antimicrobial activity. It has a patent for its antifungal activity in test tubes. Albeit, there were no clinical test that were performed and was never developed into a commercial drug because of its absorption inability and foul smell.
There are some manufacturers who attempted to prevent its typical loss so that it would not come together only until after consumption in the hope of producing it inside the body.
It is done by measuring the additional water to garlic products that contain both alliin and alliinase to identify how much has been produced. But it then revealed that actual chemical reaction inside the body is a whole lot different as that being done in a test tube. The intestinal conditions hamper its absorption because the belly acid wrecks aliinase and intestinal fluids and depletes the amount created.
The enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of alliin called alliinase, has been discovered to be irreversibly neutralized to more than lower than pH3, an acidic environment found in the stomach.
Allicin is actually not bioavailable. There was a study conducted wherein 25 participants consumed a big portion approximately 90, 000 micograms versus crushed raw garlic of ten cloves. It showed that not a trace could be detected in both the blood and urine after 1 to 24 hours of intake.
Because of its towering reactivity, allicin was revealed to be entirely metabolized in the liver. If it could have reached the blood, it would have illustrated alterations into other compounds within five minutes. Also, in the method, it could have corrode the cells in the blood that brought about them to drop the capability in carrying oxygen.
Prior to that, allicin is quickly metabolized in the blood and tissues of human beings. It is doubtful however, if it contributes to any other actions in the body such as antithrombotic or better known as, blood thinning.Post Views: 8,636